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7 Things You Need to Know About Hormone Therapy

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Infographic: 7 Things You Need to Know About Hormone Therapy

The average age of menopause is 51, but it can happen anytime between 40-60. Estrogen and progesterone levels drop sharply.

85% of women will experience symptoms including:

  • Hot flashes and night sweats
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain
  • Vaginal dryness and pain during sex
  • Joint pain

Many types of hormone therapy (HRT) exist – including estrogen, progesterone or both, depending on each woman’s individual needs. Common forms include:

  • Pills
  • Skin patches, gels or creams
  • Vaginal creams or rings

HRT treats more than just hot flashes. Studies show it also:

  • Protects against osteoporosis and fractures
  • Lowers the risk of diabetes and heart disease
  • Prevents or reduces UTIs
  • Relives dry skin, nails and eyes

“If started before age 60 or within 10 years of menopause, the benefits of HRT typically outweigh the risks.”

The concern about HRT can be traced back to a single 2002 study. Research now shows HRT is low-risk for most women. Women who have had a heart attack, a stroke or blood clot, or breast cancer face the highest risks for HRT.

As with all medical therapies, each woman and her provider should discuss before beginning therapy.

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