|FIT-DNA (Cologuard©)||Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)|
|Identifies colon cancer?||Most effective||Tests stool for DNA and traces of blood associated with polyps and colon cancer.||Tests stool for blood and certain cancer markers.|
|Prevents colon cancer?||Yes, by removing polyps before they can turn into cancer.||No||No|
|Prep required||Fasting and bowel cleanse with laxatives.||Some dietary restrictions||No restrictions|
|Sedation used||Yes, light sedation||No||No|
|Possibility of false positives?||No||Yes*||Yes*|
|Location test performed||Hospital or surgery/endoscopy center||Test kit mailed to your home. Mail back when completed.||Pick up test at UH laboratory location. Mail back when completed.|
|Insurance coverage||All major insurances||Most major insurances*||All major insurances*|
|Risks||Extremely safe. Complications are rare, but can occur with polyp removal and anesthesia usage.||No||No|
40+ for people with a first degree relative who has been diagnosed with colorectal cancer
45+ for people at average risk
|45+ for people at average risk||45+ for people at average risk|
|Time between tests||10 years with normal results. More frequently if high risk or polyps are found.||3 years with normal results||Annually|
Colon Cancer Screening Options: What's Right For You?
June 06, 2021
*If test results are positive, a diagnostic colonoscopy will be required to confirm or rule out cancer. This may or may not be covered by insurance and result in additional out-of-pocket expenses.