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UH Rainbow Pediatric Orthopaedic Faculty Publications 2023

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Pediatric Orthopaedic Update | Winter 2023

Research Highlights

A Multicenter Comparison of Open Versus Arthroscopic Fixation for Pediatric Tibial Spine Fractures.  Shimberg JL, Leska TM, Cruz AI Jr, Patel NM, Ellis HB Jr, Ganley TJ, Johnson B, Milbrandt TA, Yen YM, Mistovich RJ; Tibial Spine Research Interest Group.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Apr 1;42 (4):195-200.

This multicenter retrospective cohort study examined the results of open versus arthroscopic treatment of tibial spine fractures at 10 children’s hospitals. We demonstrated no differences in complications, unplanned return to the operating room, or fracture union between groups. However, those who were treated arthroscopically had a greater incidence of identified concomitant injury at the time of surgery, which was statistically significant. Tibial spine fractures frequently do not occur in isolation. This study highlights the importance of either preoperative advanced imaging or a thorough intra-articular examination at the time of surgery.

The Influence of Retrograde Femoral Nail Removal With and Without Interpositional Fat Grafting on Distal Femoral Physeal Behavior: A Sheep Study. Ren BO, Amakoutou K, Knapik DM, Benedick A, Anderson JM, Zirkle LG, Liu RW. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Nov-Dec 01;42(10):e994-e1000.
This study, supported by a POSNA Research Grant, demonstrated that removing a retrograde distal femoral nail spanning an open growth plate does not lead to physeal arrest, and that fat grafting is not necessary. This data has helped provide surgeons in low and middle income countries with an additional treatment option when dealing with challenging fractures in the setting of limited resources.

Systematic Isolation of Key Parameters for Estimating Skeletal Maturity on Anteroposterior Wrist Radiographs. Furdock RJ, Huang LF, Sanders JO, Cooperman DR, Liu RW. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 Mar 16;104(6):530-536.
Using the historic Bolton Brush Collection, which was developed in Cleveland, this study systematically identified eight reliable parameters for assessing skeletal maturity which outperformed the Greulich and Pyle atlas and the Sanders staging system. Further work is necessary to determine how this system performs in a modern and clinical population.

Full Publication List

  1. Hariharan AR, Shah SA, Sponseller PD, Yaszay B, Glotzbecker MP, Thompson GH, Cahill PJ, Bastrom TP; Pediatric Spine Study Group; Harms Study Group. Definitive fusions are better than growing rod procedures for juvenile patients with cerebral palsy and scoliosis: a prospective comparative cohort study. Spine Deform. 2023 Jan;11(1):145-152. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00577-7. Epub 2022 Sep 26. PMID: 36156790.
  2. Matsumoto H, Bonsignore-Opp L, Warren SI, Hammoor BT, Troy MJ, Barrett KK, Striano BM, Roye BD, Lenke LG, Skaggs DL, Glotzbecker MP, Flynn JM, Roye DP, Vitale MG. Strategies reducing risk of surgical-site infection following pediatric spinal deformity surgery. Spine Deform. 2023 Jan;11(1):71-86. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00559-9. Epub 2022 Sep 22. PMID: 36138336.
  3. Roye BD, Fano AN, Quan T, Matsumoto H, Garg S, Heffernan MJ, Poon SC, Glotzbecker MP, Fletcher ND, Sturm PF, Ramirez N, Vitale MG, Anari JB; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Modified Clavien-Dindo-Sink system is reliable for classifying complications following surgical treatment of early-onset scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2023 Jan;11(1):205-212. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00573-x. Epub 2022 Sep 2. PMID: 36053431.
  4. Furdock RJ, Kuo A, Chen KJ, Benedick AJ, Liu RW. Applicability of the Modified Fels and Optimized Oxford Skeletal Maturity Estimation Systems to the Modern Pediatric Population. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Dec 19. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002330. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36537250.
  5. Liu RW. CORR Insights®: Does Flexion Varus Osteotomy Improve Radiographic Findings Compared With Patients Treated in a Brace for Late-onset Legg-Calvé- Perthes Disease? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2022 Nov 23. doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000002502. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36455098.
  6. Sinkler MA, Furdock RJ, Chen DB, Sattar A, Liu RW. The Systematic Isolation of Key Parameters for Estimating Skeletal Maturity on Lateral Elbow Radiographs. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 Nov 16;104(22):1993-1999. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.22.00312. Epub 2022 Aug 23. PMID: 36000756.
  7. Ren BO, Amakoutou K, Knapik DM, Benedick A, Anderson JM, Zirkle LG, Liu RW. The Influence of Retrograde Femoral Nail Removal With and Without Interpositional Fat Grafting on Distal Femoral Physeal Behavior: A Sheep Study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Nov-Dec 01;42(10):e994-e1000. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002256. Epub 2022 Aug 29. PMID: 36037439.
  8. Badin D, Leland CR, Matsumoto H, Roye B, Vitale M, Flynn J, Samdani A, Larson AN, Yaszay B, Pahys J, Glotzbecker MP, Bachmann KR, Newton PO, Betz R, Miyanji F, Shah S, Sturm PF, Hwang S, Erickson M, Cahill PJ, Fletcher N, Upasani VV, Sucato DJ, Sponseller PD. Best Practice Guidelines for Surgical Site Infection in High- risk Pediatric Spine Surgery: Definition, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Nov-Dec 01;42(10):e1008-e1017. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002255. Epub 2022 Aug 29. PMID: 36037438.
  9. Whitaker AT, Hresko MT, Miller PE, Verhofste BP, Beling A, Emans JB, Karlin LI, Hedequist DJ, Glotzbecker MP. Bracing for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis: retrospective review from bracing to skeletal maturity. Spine Deform. 2022 Nov;10(6):1349-1358. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00544-2. Epub 2022 Jul 19. PMID: 35852786; PMCID: PMC9579105.
  10. Ren BO, Teplensky JR, Abola MV, Komarovsky MB, Cooperman DR, Bauer JM, Liu RW. Interfacet distance at L4 is increased in spines with high-pelvic incidence. Clin Anat. 2022 Nov;35(8):1039-1043. doi: 10.1002/ca.23859. Epub 2022 Apr 2. PMID: 35333410.
  11. Knapik DM, McCarthy CF, Drummond I, Liu RW, Gilmore A. Optimal Fluoroscopic Angulation to Determine Intercondylar Notch Violation during Pediatric Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction. J Knee Surg. 2022 Nov;35(13):1440-1444. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1724131. Epub 2021 Feb 26. PMID: 33636742.
  12. Cruz AI Jr, Lee RJ, Kushare I, Baghdadi S, Green DW, Ganley TJ, Ellis HB Jr; PRiSM; Tibial Spine Research Interest Group; Mistovich RJ. Tibial Spine Fractures in Young Athletes. Clin Sports Med. 2022 Oct;41(4):653-670. doi:10.1016/j.csm.2022.05.006. PMID: 36210164.
  13. Murphy RF, Neel GB, Barfield WR, Anari JB, St Hilaire T, Thompson G, Emans J, Akbarnia B, Smith J, Mooney JF 3rd; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Trends in the Utilization of Implants in Index Procedures for Early Onset Scoliosis From the Pediatric Spine Study Group. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Oct 1;42(9):e912-e916. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002221. Epub 2022 Aug 8. PMID: 35941094.
  14. Do MT, McCarthy CF, Cooperman DR, Liu RW. An Anatomic Study of the Proximal Tibial Epiphysis With Relevance to Percutaneous Epiphysiodesis Using Transphyseal Screws (PETS). J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Oct 1;42(9):e932-e936. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002231. Epub 2022 Aug 8. PMID: 35941093.
  15. Cheng Y, Liu RW, Foerster TA. Predicting intentions to practice COVID-19 preventative behaviors in the United States: A test of the risk perception attitude framework and the theory of normative social behavior. J Health Psychol. 2022 Oct;27(12):2744-2762. doi: 10.1177/13591053211057382. Epub 2021 Dec 21. PMID: 34933582.
  16. Poe-Kochert C, Ina J, Thompson GH, Hardesty CK, Son-Hing JP, Rubin K, Tripi PA. Safety and efficacy of intrathecal morphine in early onset scoliosis surgery. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2022 Sep 20. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000001006. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36125883.
  17. Su CA, Furdock RJ, Rascoe AS, Vallier HA, Liu RW, Voos JE, Gillespie RJ. Which Application Factors Are Associated With Outstanding Performance in Orthopaedic Surgery Residency? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2022 Sep 7. doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000002373. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36083836.
  18. Liu RW. CORR Insights®: What Factors Correlate With Length of Stay and Readmission After Limb Lengthening Procedures? A Large-database Study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2022 Sep 1;480(9):1764-1765. doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000002250. Epub 2022 May 17. PMID: 35583436; PMCID: PMC9384909.
  19. DiCenso SM, Kaelber DC, Mistovich RJ. Pediatric pelvic fractures: an epidemiological analysis of a population-based database. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2022 Sep 1;31(5):505-507. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000945. Epub 2021 Dec 22. PMID: 34954762.
  20. Tu LA, Weinberg DS, Liu RW. The association between femoral neck shaft angle and degenerative disease of the hip in a cadaveric model. Hip Int. 2022 Sep;32(5):634-640. doi: 10.1177/11207000211013029. Epub 2021 May 2. PMID: 33934619.
  21. Marrache M, Prasad N, Thompson GH, Li Y, Glotzbecker M, Sponseller PD. Outcomes for patients with infantile idiopathic scoliosis by casting table type. J Child Orthop. 2022 Aug;16(4):285-289. doi: 10.1177/18632521221115934. Epub 2022 Aug 2. PMID: 35992520; PMCID: PMC9382706.
  22. Cohen LL, Berry JG, Ma NS, Cook DL, Hedequist DJ, Karlin LI, Emans JB, Hresko MT, Snyder BD, Glotzbecker MP. Spinal Fusion in Pediatric Patients With Low Bone Density: Defining the Value of DXA. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Aug 1;42(7):e713-e719. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002188. Epub 2022 May 20. PMID: 35605209.
  23. Huang LF, Furdock RJ, Uli N, Liu RW. Estimating Skeletal Maturity Using Wrist Radiographs During Preadolescence: The Epiphyseal:Metaphyseal Ratio. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Aug 1;42(7):e801-e805. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002174. Epub 2022 May 17. PMID: 35575791.
  24. Furdock RJ, Sanders JO, Cooperman DR, Liu RW. Using Skeletal Maturity in Pediatric Orthopaedics: A Primer. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Aug 1;42(7):e793-e800. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002107. Epub 2022 Mar 23. PMID: 35316260.
  25. Patel NM, Schmitz MR, Bastrom TP, Ghag R, Janicki JA, Kushare IV, Lewis R, Mistovich RJ, Nelson SE, Sawyer JR, Vanderhave KL, Wallace MJ, McKay SD. Interobserver and Intraobserver Agreement are Unsatisfactory When Determining Abstract Study Design and Level of Evidence. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Jul  1;42(6):e696-e700. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002136. Epub 2022 Mar 10. PMID: 35667059.
  26. Furdock RJ, Cho E, Benedick AJ, Yu J, Sattar A, Liu RW. The Utility of the Modified Fels Knee Skeletal Maturity System in Limb Length Prediction. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Jul 1;42(6):327-334. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002157. Epub 2022 Apr 13. PMID: 35667054.
  27. Glotzbecker MP, Du JY, Dumaine AM, Ramo BA, Kelly DM, Birch CM, Sturm PF; PSSG. When Will You Succeed Casting Patients With Early-onset Scoliosis? Prospective Evaluation of Predictive Radiographic Parameters. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Jul 1;42(6):293-299. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002163. Epub 2022 Apr 13. PMID: 35667049.
  28. Bowker R, Morash K, Mishreky A, Yaszay B, Andras L, Sturm P, Sponseller PD, Thompson GH; Pediatric Spine Study Group; El-Hawary R. Scoliosis flexibility correlates with post-operative outcomes following growth friendly surgery. Spine Deform. 2022 Jul;10(4):933-941. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00481-0. Epub 2022 Feb PMID: 35147914.
  29. Nossov SB, Quinonez A, SanJuan J, Gaughan JP, Pahys J, Samdani A, Flynn J, Mayer OH, Garg S, Glotzbecker M, Smith J, Cahill PJ. Does ventilator use status correlate with quality of life in patients with early-onset scoliosis treated with rib-based growing system implantation? Spine Deform. 2022 Jul;10(4):943-950. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00470-9. Epub 2022 Jan 17. PMID: 35038135.
  30. Flanagan CD, Tamer P, Cooperman DR, Crisco JJ, Ladd AL, Liu RW. An Anatomical Evaluation of the Trapezium and Its Relationship to Basilar Joint Osteophytic Change. Hand (N Y). 2022 Jul;17(4):714-722. doi:10.1177/1558944720946490. Epub 2020 Sep 16. PMID: 32935598; PMCID: PMC9274891.
  31. Shimberg JL, Leska TM, Cruz AI Jr, Ellis HB Jr, Patel NM, Yen YM; Tibial Spine Research Interest Group; Schmale GA, Mistovich RJ, Fabricant PD, Ganley TJ, Green DW, Johnson B, Kushare I, Lee RJ, McKay SD, Milbrandt TA, Rhodes J, Sachleben B, Traver JL. Is Nonoperative Treatment Appropriate for All Patients With Type 1 Tibial Spine Fractures? A Multicenter Study of the Tibial Spine Research Interest Group. Orthop J Sports Med. 2022 Jun 3;10(6):23259671221099572. doi: 10.1177/23259671221099572. PMID: 35677019; PMCID: PMC9168882.
  32. Knapik DM, Do MT, Fausett CL, Liu RW. An anatomic and 3D study of the development of the proximal humeral physis. Surg Radiol Anat. 2022 Jun;44(6):869-876. doi: 10.1007/s00276-022-02946-3. Epub 2022 Apr 27. PMID: 35476149.
  33. Gaal BT, Knapik DM, Gilmore A. Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Following Surgical Intervention for Pediatric Sports-Related Injuries to the Knee: a Systematic Review. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2022 Jun;15(3):187-193. doi: 10.1007/s12178-022-09756-5. Epub 2022 Apr 18. PMID: 35435575; PMCID: PMC9107561.
  34. Wang JH, Weinberg DS, Amakoutou K, Cooperman DR, Liu RW. The distal femur trochlear groove appears to compensate for tibial deformity but not femoral deformity in an investigation of five-hundred and seventy-nine cadaveric skeletons. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2022 Jun;142(6):1221-1227. doi: 10.1007/s00402-021-03998-7. Epub 2021 Jun 18. PMID: 34143261.
  35. Loder RT, Gunderson ZJ, Sun S, Liu RW, Novais EV. Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis Associated With Athletic Activity. Sports Health. 2022 May 2:19417381221093045. doi: 10.1177/19417381221093045. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35502132.
  36. Shah NS, Kyriakedes JC, Liu RW. An MRI-based Study to Investigate If the Patella is Truly Centred between the Femoral Condyles in the Coronal Plane. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2022 May-Aug;17(2):63-67. doi: 10.5005/jp- journals-10080-1561. PMID: 35990177; PMCID: PMC9357791.
  37. Glotzbecker MP. Crisis Leadership: Lessons Learned From the COVID Pandemic. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 May-Jun 01;42(Suppl 1):S56-S59. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002068. PMID: 35405706.
  38. Du JY, Dumaine AM, Klyce W, Miyanji F, Sponseller PD, Glotzbecker MP; Harms Study Group. Use of Vancomycin Powder in Spinal Deformity Surgery in Cerebral Palsy Patients is Associated With Proteus Surgical Site Infections. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 May-Jun 01;42(5):280-284. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002079. PMID: 35153286.
  39. Castillo Tafur JC, Furdock RJ, Sattar A, Liu RW. The Optimized Oxford Hip Skeletal Maturity System Proves Resilient to Rotational Variation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Apr 1;42(4):186-189. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002064. PMID: 35089879.
  40. Shimberg JL, Leska TM, Cruz AI Jr, Patel NM, Ellis HB Jr, Ganley TJ, Johnson B, Milbrandt TA, Yen YM, Mistovich RJ; Tibial Spine Research Interest Group. A Multicenter Comparison of Open Versus Arthroscopic Fixation for Pediatric Tibial Spine Fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Apr 1;42(4):195-200. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002049. PMID: 35067605.
  41. Do MT, Levine AD, Liu RW. An anatomical study defining the safe range of angles in percutaneous iliosacral and transsacral screw fixation. Clin Anat. 2022 Apr;35(3):280-287. doi: 10.1002/ca.23807. Epub 2021 Nov 19. PMID: 34766656.
  42. Lewen MO, Berry J, Johnson C, Grace R, Glader L, Crofton C, Leahy I, Pallikonda N, Litvinova A, Staffa SJ, Glotzbecker MP, Emans J, Hresko MT, Ellen M, Troy M, Singer SJ, Ferrari L. Preoperative hematocrit and platelet count are associated with blood loss during spinal fusion for children with neuromuscular scoliosis. J Perioper Pract. 2022 Apr;32(4):74-82. doi:10.1177/1750458920962634. Epub 2021 Apr 7. PMID: 33826437.
  43. McCauley KL, Kaelber DC, Mistovich RJ. Did the COVID-19 pandemic lead to increased pediatric musculoskeletal nonaccidental trauma? A cross-sectional study. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2022 Mar 31:BPB.0000000000000971. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000971. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35357345; PMCID: PMC9522884.
  44. Furdock RJ, Huang LF, Sanders JO, Cooperman DR, Liu RW. Systematic Isolation of Key Parameters for Estimating Skeletal Maturity on Anteroposterior Wrist Radiographs. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 Mar 16;104(6):530-536. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.21.00819. PMID: 35045055.
  45. Dawkins BJ, Kolin DA, Park J, Fabricant PD, Gilmore A, Seeley M, Mistovich RJ. Sensitivity and Specificity of MRI in Diagnosing Concomitant Meniscal Injuries With Pediatric and Adolescent Acute ACL Tears. Orthop J Sports Med. 2022 Mar 9;10(3):23259671221079338. doi: 10.1177/23259671221079338. PMID: 35295551; PMCID: PMC8918745.
  46. Smith HE, Cruz AI Jr, Mistovich RJ, Leska TM, Ganley TJ, Aoyama JT, Ellis HB, Kushare I, Lee RJ, McKay SD, Milbrandt TA, Rhodes JT, Sachleben BC, Schmale GA, Patel NM. What Are the Causes and Consequences of Delayed Surgery for Pediatric Tibial Spine Fractures? A Multicenter Study. Orthop J Sports Med. 2022 Mar 7;10(3):23259671221078333. doi: 10.1177/23259671221078333. PMID: 35284586; PMCID: PMC8905066.
  47. Yuan JT, Furdock RJ, Benedick A, Liu RW. Estimating Skeletal Maturity by Segmented Linear Modeling of Key AP Knee Radiographic Parameters. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Mar 1;42(3):169-173. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001988. PMID: 35138299.
  48. Guzek RH, Murphy R, Hardesty CK, Emans JB, Garg S, Smith JT, Roye BD, Glotzbecker MP, Sturm PF, Snyder BD, Poon SC, Poe-Kochert C, Anari JB; Pediatric Spine Study Group (PSSG). Mortality in Early-Onset Scoliosis During the Growth- friendly Surgery Era. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Mar 1;42(3):131-137. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001983. PMID: 35138296.
  49. Erkilinc M, Baldwin KD, Pasha S, Mistovich RJ. Proximal junctional kyphosis in pediatric spinal deformity surgery: a systematic review and critical analysis. Spine Deform. 2022 Mar;10(2):257-266. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00429-w. Epub 2021 Oct 27. PMID: 34704232.
  50. Dumaine AM, Yu J, Poe-Kochert C, Thompson GH, Mistovich RJ. Surgical site infections in early onset scoliosis: what are long-term outcomes in patients with traditional growing rods? Spine Deform. 2022 Mar;10(2):465-470. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00412-5. Epub 2021 Sep 18. PMID: 34536220.
  51. Matsumoto H, Larson EL, Warren SI, Hammoor BT, Bonsignore-Opp L, Troy MJ, Barrett KK, Striano BM, Li G, Terry MB, Roye BD, Lenke LG, Skaggs DL, Glotzbecker MP, Flynn JM, Roye DP, Vitale MG. A Clinical Risk Model for Surgical Site Infection Following Pediatric Spine Deformity Surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 Feb 16;104(4):364-375. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.21.00751. PMID: 34851324.
  52. Mackey C, Hanstein R, Lo Y, Vaughan M, St Hilaire T, Luhmann SJ, Vitale MG, Glotzbecker MP, Samdani A, Parent S, Gomez JA; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods (MCGR) Versus Single Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) Versus Vertebral Body Tether (VBT) in Older Early Onset Scoliosis (EOS) Patients: How Do Early Outcomes Compare? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2022 Feb 15;47(4):295-302. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000004245. PMID: 34610613.
  53.  Xu AL, Marrache M, Hardesty CK, Groves ML, Erickson MA, Murphy RF, Thompson GH, Sponseller PD; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Baclofen Pump Use: Complications After Growth-friendly Instrumentation for Early-onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Feb 1;42(2):77-82. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002035. PMID: 34882588.
  54. Heffernan MJ, Younis M, Glotzbecker MP, Garg S, Leonardi C, Poon SC, Brooks JT, Sturm PF, Sponseller PD, Vitale MG, Emans JB, Roye BD; Pediatric Spine Study Group (PSSG). The Effect of Surgeon Experience on Outcomes Following Growth Friendly Instrumentation for Early Onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Feb 1;42(2):e132-e137. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002000. PMID: 34759190.
  55. Lee CM, Liu RW. Comparison of pelvic incidence measurement using lateral x-ray, standard ct versus ct with 3d reconstruction. Eur Spine J. 2022 Feb;31(2):241-247. doi: 10.1007/s00586-021-07024-7. Epub 2021 Nov 6. PMID: 34743245.
  56. Sun MM, Buckler NJ, Al Nouri M, Howard JJ, Vaughan M, St Hilaire T, Sponseller PD, Smith JT, Thompson GH, El-Hawary R; Pediatric Spine Study Group. No Difference in the Rates of Unplanned Return to the Operating Room Between Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods and Traditional Growth Friendly Surgery for Children With Cerebral Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Feb 1;42(2):100-108. doi:10.1097/BPO.0000000000001892. PMID: 34619723.
  57. Saarinen AJ, Sponseller PD, Andras LM, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Thompson GH, Helenius IJ; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Matched Comparison of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods with Traditional Growing Rods in Severe Early-Onset Scoliosis of ≥90°: An Interim Report on Outcomes 2 Years After Treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2022 Jan 5;104(1):41-48. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.20.02108. PMID: 34644282.
  58. Nichols LRB, Tucker NJ, Fragomen AT, Podeszwa DA, Liu RW. Lower Limb Deformity Correction: Analysis and Preoperative Planning. Instr Course Lect. 2022;71:251-270. PMID: 35254787.
  59. Akbarnia BA, Pawelek JB, Hosseini P, Salari P, Kabirian N, Marks D, Shah SA, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Elsebaie H, Thompson GH, Sponseller PD; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Treatment of Early-onset Scoliosis: Similar Outcomes Despite Different Etiologic Subtypes in Traditional Growing Rod Graduates. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Jan 1;42(1):10-16. doi:10.1097/BPO.0000000000001985. PMID: 34739435.
  60. Roye BD, Fano AN, Matsumoto H, Fields MW, Emans JB, Sponseller P, Smith JT, Thompson GH, White KK, Vitale MG; Pediatric Spine Study Group. The Impact of Unplanned Return to the Operating Room on Health-related Quality of Life at the End of Growth-friendly Surgical Treatment for Early-onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Jan 1;42(1):17-22. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002006. PMID: 34739432.
  61. Glotzbecker MP, Shore B. Response: Letter to the Editor of Prevalence of Cozen's Phenomenon of the Proximal Tibia. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Jan 1;42(1):e100. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001981. PMID: 34608039.
  62. Guissé NF, Stone JD, Keil LG, Bastrom TP, Erickson MA, Yaszay B, Cahill PJ, Parent S, Gabos PG, Newton PO, Glotzbecker MP, Kelly MP, Pahys JM, Fletcher ND. Modified Clavien-Dindo-sink classification system for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2022 Jan;10(1):87-95. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00394-4. Epub 2021 Aug 5. PMID: 34351605.
  63. Shah NS, Wang DM, Weinberg DS, Liu RW. Patellar Morphology and Osteoarthritis: A Cadaveric Analysis. J Knee Surg. 2022 Jan;35(2):122-127. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1713127. Epub 2020 Jun 22. PMID: 32572874.
  64. Bank N, Hecht C, Karimi A, El-Abtah M, Huang L, Mistovich RJ. Raising the Young Athlete: Training and Injury Prevention Strategies: Current Concept Review. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. 2022;4(2). doi:10.55275/JPOSNA-2022-0037.
  65. Floccari L, Murphy J, Glotzbecker M, et al. Absent Baseline Intraoperative Neuromonitoring Signals Part 2: Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Current Concept Review. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. 2022;4(1). doi:10.55275/JPOSNA-2022-0005.
  66. Gantsoudes G, Clarke A, Liu RW. Increased Incidence of Early Mortality in POSNA Members: A Canary in the Coalmine? J Pediatr Orthop Soc N Am. 2022;4(3):1-5. doi:10.55275/JPOSNA-2022-0080.
  67. Spitzer A, Patel R, Hasan S, et al. Absent Baseline Intraoperative Neuromonitoring Signals Part I: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis : Current Concept Review. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. 2022;4(1). doi:10.55275/JPOSNA-2022-0018.
  68. Wong C, Mistovich RJ, Morrison MJ. Pediatric and Adolescent Jehovah’s Witnesses: Considerations for Safe and Ethical Orthopaedic Procedures. J Pediatr Orthop Soc N Am. 2022;4(3):1-12. doi:10.55275/JPOSNA-2022-0086.
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