Expert Care for Bone, Muscle and Joint Conditions in Children

We provide comprehensive care for a wide range of conditions affecting the bones, muscles and joints in children. UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s is home to one of the highest ranked pediatric orthopedics programs in the country, and our experts employ the latest technologies to deliver optimal results. Whether it’s a broken bone or a more complex neuromuscular disorder, or team is committed to helping kids lead healthy and fulfilling lives today and in the future.

Highly Specialized Treatment for Any Musculoskeletal Condition

At UH Rainbow Babies & Children's, our care team expertly diagnoses and treats every type of bone, muscle and joint condition in children. Because our team is comprised of pediatric orthopedic sub-specialists, not just generalists, our award-winning and well respected clinical team has the depth of knowledge necessary to diagnose and treat children with any musculoskeletal condition.

Some of the most common conditions we treat and specialized clinics we provide include:

Spinal Deformity & Scoliosis

Scoliosis refers to curvature of the spine. Our team has the expertise and experience to treat scoliosis - and we see new patients with scoliosis every single day. This condition is particularly common among girls, typically around the sixth grade. Most often, scoliosis can be treated with observation or bracing. All of our braces are used at night to minimize any impact to your child’s quality of life.

Our team additionally diagnoses and treats a range of pediatric spine conditions, including:

  • Back pain
  • Kyphosis (abnormally rounded / forward curvature of the upper back)
  • Spinal injuries
  • Spinal tumors
  • Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis (a crack or slip of a spinal vertebra)

If spinal surgery is required, our orthopedic surgeons have deep experience for optimal results. As part of a full service dedicated children’s hospital, our pediatric orthopedic surgeons are supported by a comprehensive care team with access to specialists across many departments. We employ the latest advances in technology for minimally invasive procedures and highly accurate surgeries. Our orthopedic surgeons have helped develop surgical and non-surgical techniques right here at UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s, which allow for the continued growth and development of children with spinal deformities.

Neuromuscular Disorders

Neuromuscular disorders impair muscle function and affect the nerves that control voluntary muscles. When these nerves become unhealthy, communication breaks down between the muscles and the nervous system. This causes muscle weakness, which can lead to twitching, cramps, aches, pains and movement problems.

Some of the neuromuscular disorders we treat include:

Our team is well regarded for its experience and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of neuromuscular disorders. Our specialized division treats nearly 12,000 pediatric patients with musculoskeletal problems each year.

We treat children with complex neuromuscular disorders using state-of-the-art diagnostic capabilities. Our highly skilled team of clinical professionals is comprised of specialists from a range of clinical disciplines, including neurology, pulmonology, cardiology and more. By working closely together, we can ensure better patient outcomes.

Bone and Limb Deformity

Bone and limb deformities often include limb length differences or deformities of the hips. We have experience and expertise treating a variety of limb and bone deformities, from mild to very severe. We offer the full range of treatment options, ranging from orthotics and physical therapy to surgical options including guided growth, acute correction and gradual correction.

Our experts are pioneers in advanced limb lengthening procedures. They are able to regenerate bone and properly manipulate soft tissue to correct limb problems. After lengthening the bone and tissue, our team uses a rehabilitation process to ensure the new bone structure provides stability and support that will last well into adulthood.

Musculoskeletal Oncology

Musculoskeletal oncology refers to the treatment of bone, muscle, joint or soft tissue tumors, including spinal cord tumors. Because some of these types of tumors are relatively rare, pediatric orthopedic expertise is essential for the best outcomes. Specific conditions can include:

Our team includes experts in all types of bone and soft tissue tumors. Our surgeons work closely with oncologists and radiation therapists to develop and deliver the optimal care plan for each individual patient.


Many pediatric traumas involve the musculoskeletal system, including bone fractures. As northern Ohio’s only Level I Pediatric Trauma Center, we offer convenient access to world-class trauma care right at home. Our fracture and trauma team treats traumatic injuries such as:

  • Abdominal injuries
  • Car accident injuries
  • Head injuries
  • Injuries to multiple parts of the body
  • Life-threatening trauma
  • Multiple long bone fractures
  • Spinal injuries
  • Sports injuries

Our trauma surgeons are also specially trained in growth-plate injuries. We take great care to prevent any permanent growth issues. Our trauma team is able to handle complex medical cases as part of a full service children’s hospital, which includes an extensive network of specialists across every major medical discipline.

Hand and Upper Extremities

Our orthopedic surgeons are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of injuries or conditions of the hands and upper extremities, which includes the wrists, elbows and shoulders. Because these parts of the body are so important for motor function and quality of life, highly specialized expertise is essential.

We treat traumatic injuries, including sports injuries, as well as congenital or inherited abnormalities. These can include:

  • Acute traumatic injuries like fracture or dislocations
  • Congenital hand problems including the fusion/webbing of fingers or extra fingers
  • Neuromuscular deformity and conditions, including cerebral palsy
  • Sports injuries like rotator cuff and shoulder instability
  • Hand tumors
  • Ganglion cysts (noncancerous lump on the hand or wrist)
  • Enchondromas (benign tumor of the cartilage)
  • Hemangiomas (benign tumor of the blood vessels)

Our surgeons work closely with other specialists to provide comprehensive care, including personalized physical and occupational rehabilitation.

Sports Injuries

We have an entire team dedicated to the prevention and treatment of sports injuries for young athletes. Some of the conditions we treat include:

Whenever possible, we heal sports injuries without surgery. These treatment options often include observation, rest, stretching, pain management and rehabilitation. If surgery is required, our team has extensive experience in minimally invasive procedures. This results in less pain and a speedier recovery for young athletes.

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