Get the Facts About COVID-19 Vaccines
Vaccines that may prevent COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus, are an important step toward stemming the worldwide pandemic. Find out about the authorized vaccines, how they work, possible side effects, the benefits of being vaccinated and the information we have about how the general public will get vaccinated.
Call Today to Schedule
Call 216-983-0012 to schedule a vaccine.
Monday - Friday: 7:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Saturday: 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
University Hospitals and COVID-19 Vaccines
University Hospitals is working to obtain as many doses of available vaccine as possible, and we are committed to providing vaccinations in accordance with guidance from the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). UH has the equipment and expertise necessary to store, distribute and administer COVID-19 vaccines.
We currently are vaccinating people age 16 or older. Those who are ages 16-17 must bring to the vaccination appointment a printed and completed consent form signed by a parent or legal guardian.
You do not have to be a UH patient to receive COVID-19 vaccination at our Vaccine Clinic.
When you arrive at the vaccination clinic, you will be asked to fill out and sign a consent form. After receiving the vaccine, you will need to stay for 15 minutes for observation, and then will receive a card stating you have received the COVID-19 vaccine.
Please know you must have a scheduled appointment with us to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. We are unable at this time to vaccinate people on a drop-in basis.
I Received the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine. Should I Be Concerned?
The CDC and FDA have recommended a pause in the use of Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine after a rare and severe type of blood clot developed in six people who have received this vaccine. Nearly 7 million Johnson & Johnson vaccines have been given across the United States.
The CDC says not enough is known at this point whether the vaccine is related to or caused this health issue. The CDC and FDA recommend the vaccine not be given until more is known.
If you got the Johnson & Johnson vaccine more than three weeks, ago, know that your risk of developing a blood clot is very low.
If you got this vaccine within the last three weeks, your risk of developing a blood clot also is very low. However, be on the lookout for possible symptoms of a blood clot:
- Severe headache
- Blurred vision
- Pain in your abdomen (chest or stomach)
- Leg pain or swelling
- Shortness of breath
Get medical care right away if you have any of these symptoms and got the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine within the last few weeks. If you have any questions at all, call your health care provider.
I’ve Been Fully Vaccinated. Now What?
People who have been fully vaccinated can add back some activities that were stopped because of the pandemic. Other habits will need to be maintained for now to help stop the spread of COVID-19.
What does it mean to be fully vaccinated?
You’re fully vaccinated:
- Two weeks after your second dose of a two-dose vaccine, such as the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, or
- Two weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as the Johnson & Johnson vaccine
Until the time that you are fully vaccinated, continue with these precautions:
- Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth
- Stay six feet away from others who don’t live with you
- Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated indoor spaces
- Wash your hands often with soap and water or use hand sanitizer
|You Can:||You Should Not:|
|Visit inside a home or private setting without a mask with other fully vaccinated people of any age.||Visit indoors, without a mask, with people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.|
|Visit inside a home or private setting without a mask with one household of unvaccinated people who are not at risk for severe illness.||Attend medium-sized or large gatherings.|
|Travel domestically without a pre- or post-travel test and without quarantining after travel.|
|Travel internationally without a pre-travel test, depending on destination and without quarantining after travel.|
In addition, if you’ve been fully vaccinated but then are around someone who has COVID-19, you do not need to stay away from others or get tested unless you have symptoms.
Continue to watch for symptoms of COVID-19. If you develop symptoms, get tested and stay home and away from others.
You also will still need to follow guidance at your workplace.
For Ashtabula County Residents
If you live in the 44030 zip code
Residents of the remainder of Ashtabula County
More on COVID-19 Vaccines
COVID-19 Vaccine Side EffectsInfectious disease specialist Robert Salata, MD, discusses side effects that you may experience after receiving a vaccine for COVID-19 -- or whether you might get them at all.
Can you transmit COVID after vaccination?Keith Armitage, MD, infectious disease physician and Medical Director, UH Roe Green Center for Travel Medicine & Global Health, discusses transmission of COVID-19 after vaccination.
COVID-19, Pregnancy and VaccinesEllie Ragsdale, MD, discusses the effect that COVID-19 has on pregnancy and whether vaccines are safe for mothers and babies.
COVID-19 Vaccine Safety
Clinical leaders at University Hospitals believe that these vaccines, which were thoroughly vetted by the FDA, are recommended for the protection of each individual and the community against COVID-19.
The COVID-19 vaccines were studied in clinical trials for safety and efficacy according to rigorous standards set by the FDA before being made available for public use. Study protocols and results are available to the public to ensure transparency.
What You Need To Know About the COVID-19 Vaccines
- How Much Does COVID-19 Vaccination Cost?
UH bills patient insurance for an administration fee to cover costs of administering the COVID-19 vaccine. Insured patients are not responsible for paying this fee.
If you are uninsured, the administration fee is billed to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) program, which is designed to support care for the uninsured during the pandemic. Uninsured patients are not responsible for paying this fee.
There is no billing for the vaccine itself.
If you have questions about COVID-19 vaccination billing or any billing at UH, please contact our Customer Service Department at 1-800-859-5906. Hours are 8 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., Monday through Friday.
- Why Should I Get a COVID-19 Vaccine?
COVID-19 can cause severe medical complications and can lead to death in some people. If you get COVID-19, you could spread the disease to family, friends and others around you – even if you have no symptoms. If your family, friends and people become infected, they could experience severe medical complications or even die from the disease. Also, it’s not completely understood at this point whether having COVID-19 results in long-term health effects.
- What Vaccines Are Available?
The first two vaccines authorized for use are messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines produced by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna. They are administered in two doses, three to four weeks apart.
This is a relatively new type of vaccine. The vaccines use genetic material called mRNA to teach the body’s immune system to fight the coronavirus. The mRNA in the vaccine activates the body’s immune system but does not change the body’s DNA.
Both vaccines have been authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for emergency use after examination of large clinical trials involving nearly 40,000 participants, determining that these vaccines may be effective in preventing COVID-19.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine uses a cold virus to deliver a piece of genetic material that teaches the body's immune system to fight the coronavirus. The cold virus is modified for the vaccine so that it cannot replicate in the body to cause illness. This vaccine is administered as a single dose.
The FDA has authorized the vaccine for emergency use after examining large clinical trials with more than 43,000 participants. The CDC and FDA have recommended a pause in the use of the Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine after a rare and severe type of blood clot developed in a small number of people who have received this vaccine.
All three vaccines are still being studied in clinical trials and are being administered under FDA emergency use authorization. No COVID-19 vaccine currently has official FDA approval.
- Can I Choose Which Vaccine I Receive at UH?
To the extent we are able, we will let you know what vaccine we have available at the time we schedule your appointment. However, we are unable to let patients choose which type of vaccine they get because our vaccine supply varies at any given time. We will, however, defer your scheduling upon your request if we have information regarding which vaccine you would receive. If you need a second shot, we will schedule that visit 28 days from the first shot, which is within the time recommended by the FDA and CDC.
- How Long Do the Vaccines Provide Protection?
Data is not yet available regarding how long the vaccines provide protection against COVID-19.
- Will the Vaccine Cause Infertility or Other Serious Medical Problems?
- Do COVID-19 Vaccines Protect Me From the Newly Discovered Strains of the Virus?
The current COVID-19 vaccines do offer protection against the new coronavirus strains. The vaccines work by producing an immune response against the spike protein on the virus’s surface. To date, none of the virus mutations have altered this spike protein, and so the vaccines remain effective. Pfizer recently reported studies that looked at antibodies of people vaccinated in their phase 3 trial and found that these antibodies neutralized the variant viruses.
- When Should I Get My Second Dose?
UH is scheduling second doses of the COVID-19 vaccine at intervals that have been studied to be effective based on the manufacturer. Specific patient scheduling intervals will be within these ranges and may vary based on UH clinic, vaccine and patient availability. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine does not require a second dose.
Is One Vaccine Better Than Another?
In clinical trials, all authorized vaccines have been shown to be highly effective in preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19.
It’s difficult to directly compare the vaccines, in large part because their efficacy was measured at different times and in different ways.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine clinical trial occurred when new coronavirus variants emerged because of changes to the virus. Some variants have been shown to be more contagious, and in some cases are associated with more severe disease and death. The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccine clinical trials were concluded before variants were widely tracked.
They measured if the vaccine stops you from getting sick with COVID-19, if it stops you from getting very sick or severely ill, if it prevents hospitalizations from severe COVID-19 infection, and if it stops you from dying from COVID-19.
According to the clinical trial data, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine significantly decreases the risk of severe COVID-19 (by 86 percent) and death from COVID-19 (by 100 percent). Similarly, in clinical trials, the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines have been shown to be highly effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19.
Should I Still Get Vaccinated If…
People who are immunocompromised are not excluded from receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. Please consult your health care provider if you have questions about whether you should receive the COVID-19 vaccine.
I’m Allergic to Vaccine Components?
According to the Pfizer BioNTech EUA Fact Sheet or the Moderna EUA Fact Sheet both vaccines are contraindicated in people who are severely allergic (anaphylactic) to any vaccine components. Please consult your health care provider if you have questions about whether you should receive the COVID-19 vaccine.
I’m Younger Than Age 16?
The vaccine has not been approved for children. Pfizer BioNTech vaccine is authorized for people age 16 and older. The Moderna vaccine is authorized for use in people age 18 and older.
I’ve Already Had COVID?
COVID-19 vaccine is available to those who were previously diagnosed with the virus. If you have tested positive within the last 90 days, you may need to wait to receive the vaccine. Please discuss whether you should have the vaccine with your health care provider.
I’m in Cancer Treatment?
People with cancer can get a COVID-19 vaccine as long as they have not had a severe allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. If you have an allergic reaction to any cancer treatment, talk with your cancer doctor (oncologist) before getting vaccinated. Also, be sure to talk with your oncologist if you are in treatment about the timing of when you get the vaccine. There is no data to suggest the vaccine should affect your cancer treatment; however, some cancer treatments may affect how well the vaccine works. Your doctor may suggest you get the vaccine between cancer treatments to help it work best and reduce risks. You can learn more on the CDC’s website at cdc.gov/COVID-19. Learn more about cancer patients and COVID-19.
A Researcher’s Perspective on COVID-19 Vaccines
Robert Salata, MD, Chair of the Department of Medicine, discusses what to expect from the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines. Dr. Salata, Program Director of the UH Roe Green Center for Travel Medicine & Global Health, is the principal investigator for the Pfizer trial at the UH clinical trial site.
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Pregnant and Worried About COVID-19?
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Cancer & COVID-19
Learn more about cancer patients and COVID-19.