Comprehensive Care for Patients with Hip Dysplasia
Our board-certified sports medicine specialists at University Hospitals have extensive background and experience in diagnosing, managing and treating hip dysplasia. With a multi-disciplinary team approach to care, we work closely with our patients experiencing hip dysplasia, including:
- Hip instability in infants and young children
- Adolescents with activity-related pain issues
- Early osteoarthritis in adults
We provide a full range of medical treatment of hip dysplasia and provide follow-up care to reduce the risk of future hip problems.
Diagnostic Imaging Determines Cause of Activity-Related Hip Pain
Hip dysplasia symptoms may not initially be obvious. Pain, instability and issues walking or moving may start in early adulthood or during the first or second pregnancy in women.
If left untreated hip dysplasia in adults will result in activity-related hip pain or early osteoarthritis in adolescents and young adults. In patients with early osteoarthritis of the hip, mild hip dysplasia is a contributing cause. Along with a complete physical examination, primary imaging techniques used to diagnose hip dysplasia include:
- X-ray: During this test, our orthopedic specialist will identify if your femur, or thigh bone, is symmetrically lined with your pelvis.
- Ultrasonography: Generally used for infants younger than six months of age, this test enables physicians to see the internal structures of the hip and whether or not they are properly aligned.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans or computerized tomography (CT) scans are used to confirm post-surgical treatment.
Arthroscopic Surgery Improves Hip Dysplasia Pain
Our fellowship trained, board-certified surgeons are highly skilled in using arthroscopic surgery for hip dysplasia treatment. Hip arthroscopy has emerged as an effective minimally invasive hip dysplasia surgery to resolve this condition. Using very small incisions, our skilled surgeons can help patients decrease hip pain, improve function and quickly return to normal activities. This minimally invasive surgery corrects the hip damage, but also prevents or delays the onset of hip arthritis.
Additionally, we offer open pelvic surgery that expands the hip socket to prevent hip dysplasia. Intended to restore normal hip anatomy and biomechanics, this will also prevent degenerative changes. University Hospitals is one of the few organizations in the U.S. that offers and performs this procedure with a collaborative approach. Together, our orthopedic and sports medicine team determine the proper treatment and follow-up with you afterwards to monitor your function.
Understanding Hip Dysplasia Risk Factors
While the cause of hip dysplasia is not certain, it’s believed to be developmental. However, there are certain risk factors that may increase the chance of the occurrence of developmental dysplasia of the hip, including:
- Breech position in the third trimester of pregnancy
- Family history
- Female gender
- Multiple gestation pregnancy
- Race, including Lapp and Native American populations
- Tight lower extremity swaddling as a newborn
Not all patients will require surgery and we offer more conservative hip dysplasia treatment options for hip pain relief, including:
- Comprehensive, customized physical therapy
- Aquatic therapy