Novel Targeted Therapy Trial for Patients with Small Cell Lung Cancer
HEALTHY PARTICIPANTS: No
A Trial to Revolutionize the Treatment of Small Cell Lung Cancer
University Hospitals is offering a new treatment for patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) that have not responded to treatment (refractory) or have relapsed after chemotherapy treatment.
Some cancer cells are resistant to treatment because they have pathways and systems that allow the cancer cells to continue to divide and grow. A subgroup of SCLC has high levels of two proteins that push the cancer cell into growth mode. These proteins act like accelerators in a car. These two proteins called CDK4 and CDK6 can be turned off by using a specific drug that targets their activity. This study will test how well the investigational drug, Abemaciclib, works by selectively turning off the overactive CDK4 and CDK6 and helps to shrink the lung cancer tumors in the body.
Who Can Participate
- Inclusion Criteria:
- Subjects must have histologically confirmed extensive stage small cell lung cancer.
- Pathology confirmed Retinoblastoma wild type tested by NGS.
- Subjects must have:
- Platinum refractory disease:defined as no response after 1-2 cycles of chemotherapy, or
- Relapse:defined as initial response but relapse after completing platinum-based chemotherapy.
- Subjects must have measurable disease per the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), version 1.1.
- Subjects must have biopsy or archival tumor material available for biomarker analyses with confirmed availability of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue.
- Performance status: ECOG Performance status ≤ 2
- Patients who received chemotherapy must have recovered CTCAE Grade ≤1) from the acute effects of chemotherapy except for residual alopecia or Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy prior to enrollment. A washout period of at least 21 days is required between last chemotherapy dose and enrollment (provided the patient did not receive radiotherapy). Please refer to eligibility criteria for specific laboratory requirements.
- Patients who received radiotherapy must have completed and fully recovered from the acute effects of radiotherapy. A washout period of at least 14 days is required between end of radiotherapy and enrollment.
- Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if follow-up brain imaging after CNS-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression.
- The patient is able to swallow oral medications.
- The patient has adequate organ function for all of the following criteria, as defined below:
- Hematologic system:
- absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 × 10^9/L
- Platelets ≥100 × 10^9/L
- Hemoglobin ≥8g/dL (Patients may receive erythrocyte transfusions to achieve this hemoglobin level at the discretion of the investigator. Initial treatment must not begin earlier than the day after the erythrocyte transfusion).
- Hepatic system:
- Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN Patients with Gilbert's syndrome with a total bilirubin ≤2.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN) and direct bilirubin within normal limits are permitted.
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferas (AST) ≤3 × ULN.
- Hematologic system:
- The effects of the study medication on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (double barrier method of birth control or abstinence) throughout study participation and for 6 months after completing treatment.
- Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- Exclusion Criteria:
- Prior treatment toxicities not resolved to ≤ Grade 1 according to NCI CTCAE Version 5.0 (except alopecia,and neuropathy).
- Subjects receiving any other investigational agents.
- The patient has serious preexisting medical condition(s) that would preclude participation in this study (for example, interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, history of major surgical resection involving the stomach or small bowel, or preexisting Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis or a preexisting chronic condition resulting in baseline Grade 2 or higher diarrhea).
- Females who are pregnant or lactating.
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Abemaciclib.
- Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, syncope of cardiac etiology, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, sudden cardiac arrest, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
- The patient has active bacterial infection (requiring intravenous [IV] antibiotics at time of initiating study treatment), fungal infection, or detectable viral infection (such as known human immunodeficiency virus positivity or with known active hepatitis B or C [for example, hepatitis B surface antigen positive]. Screening is not required for enrollment.
- HIV-positive subjects on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with Abemaciclib. In addition, these subjects are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in subjects receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.