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Heart Valve Disease

Mitral Valve Disease

Mitral valve disease is a form of heart valve disease. One of the four heart valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction, the mitral valve is located between the two left heart chambers (the left atrium and left ventricle). When the mitral valve does not open or close properly, the flow of blood to the heart and body can be reduced.

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Treatments for Mitral Valve Disease

Diseases of the mitral valve treated at University Hospitals Harrington Heart & Vascular Institute’s Valve and Structural Heart Disease Center include:

  • Mitral valve regurgitation: Mitral valve regurgitation is when the mitral valve leaflets do not close tightly, causing blood to leak backward through the valve. This condition is the most common type of heart valve disease.
  • Mitral valve prolapse (MVP): MVP is an abnormal bulging (or prolapse) of one or both of the mitral valve flaps (leaflets) into the left atrium during contraction of the heart.
  • Mitral valve stenosis: Sometimes called mitral stenosis, mitral valve stenosis is when the leaflets of the mitral valve become thick or stiff, causing narrowing of the valve. As a result, the flow of blood into the main pumping chamber of the heart (the left ventricle) is reduced.