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Education & Training

Fellows generally pursue one of two tracks, Clinician-Scientist or Physician-Investigator. Fellows in the Clinician-Scientist track usually focus on a cardiovascular subspecialty and receive additional fellowship (e.g., interventional, electrophysiology, advanced heart failure) training; these fellows receive six months of dedicated research time in their third year.

Goals and Objectives Based on ACGME Competencies

The goals and objectives of the fellowship are based on the six Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies for each year of training:

  1. Interpersonal and communication skills
  2. Medical knowledge
  3. Patient care
  4. Practice-based learning and improvement
  5. Professionalism
  6. Systems-based practice

Cardiovascular Medicine Educational Goals

The fellowship is a continuous process of professional and academic growth, with each individual progressing at a somewhat different pace and along a unique path. Nevertheless, the general expectation is that senior fellows will not only master the subject content necessary to care for patients with cardiovascular disease but will also develop a sophistication and maturity of clinical judgment. Appropriate knowledge of leading-edge and experimental treatments that may be utilized for a patient's care is another quality desired of senior fellows. As they obtain this sophistication, judgment and knowledge, fellows play an increasingly prominent leadership role in guiding education and patient care with the house staff and medical students.

The educational goals and objectives of the program are achieved through a combination of the following.

Clinical Rotations

Our clinical curriculum is a milestone, competency-based model that meets the Core Cardiology Training Symposium (COCATS 4) recommendations of the American College of Cardiology. Learn more about clinical rotations.

Journal Club

Fellows conduct biweekly Journal Clubs with faculty mentors to discuss recently published literature. The overall aims are to:

  • Understand the basic background information behind each article
  • Describe the methods (e.g. type of study, blinding, randomization)
  • Reviewbasic statistics (odd ratios, relative risks, number needed to treat/harm, Kaplan Meier, Cox regression)
  • Analyze the results of the trial, future implications, clinical relevancy

Mentored Research

Throughout the clinical years of training, fellows are encouraged to initiate and develop plans for research years. Learn more about research training.


The training program provides a robust volume of procedures available to our fellows.

Graduates typically perform more than:

  • 500 cardiac catheterizations
  • 150 transthoracic echocardiograms (TTE)
  • 100 transesophageal echocardiograms (TEE)

Graduates typical read more than:

  • 600 TTE
  • 100 stress echocardiograms
  • 300 nuclear scans
  • 50 cardiac MRs
  • 200 coronary calcium scores
  • 200 CT coronary angiograms


Trainees have 24 hour access to the HeartWorks© Transesophageal echocardiography simulator and the Transthoracic echocardiography simulator.