Read More about the Benefits of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)


Shock: The Healing Power of Electroconvulsive Therapy; 2006. Dukakis, K. and Tye, L. Penguin Group (USA).

Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive therapy in Mental Illness; 2007. Shorter, E. and Healy, D. Rutgers University Press.

Clinical Manual of Electroconvulsive Therapy; 2010. Markad, M., Beyer, J., Wiener, R. and Krystal, A. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.


Kellner CH, Greenberg RM, Murrough JW, et al. ECT in treatment-resistant depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2012 Dec 1;169(12):1238-44.

Kellner CH, Knapp R, Husain MM, et al. Bifrontal, bitemporal and right unilateral electrode placement in ECT: randomized trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2010 Mar;196(3):226-34.

Smith GE, Rasmussen KG Jr, Cullum CM, et al. A randomized controlled trial comparing the memory effects of continuation electroconvulsive therapy versus continuation pharmacotherapy: results from the Consortium for Research in ECT (CORE) study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010 Feb;71(2):185-93.

Gelder, M., Mayou, R., Geddes, J. (2006) Psychiatry. 3rd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.