Complete Care for a Wide Range of Rheumatic Diseases

Pediatric rheumatologists at UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital treat more than 600 musculoskeletal conditions. Some of the most common rheumatic diseases affecting children include:

  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)— Formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, JIA is the most common type of arthritis in children. It causes joint pain, swelling and stiffness. There are several JIA subtypes, including: pauciarticular (which affects four or fewer joints); polyarticular (which affect five or more joints); systemic onset (which affects one or more joints and causes inflammation of the internal organs); juvenile ankylosing spondylitis (inflammation of the spine and hip); and juvenile psoriatic arthritis (joint inflammation that occurs in children with psoriasis).
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus— This disease occurs when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the body. Patients may develop inflammation in the skin, joints and organs.
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis — Children with this condition experience rashes and muscle weakness.
  • Mixed connective tissue disease — This rare autoimmune disorder combines features of several diseases, including: lupus, scleroderma, polymyositis and JIA. It may affect the fat, cartilage and other substances that connect and support the body.
  • Spondyloarthropathy — A type of arthritis that causes inflammation in the spine.
  • Vasculitis — A condition characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels.

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