Pediatric Health Library

Pediatric Diseases and Conditions: J

  • Juvenile Ankylosing Spondylitis (JAS) in Children

    Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis. It affects the spine and the places where the muscles, tendons, and ligaments are attached to bone. Ankylosing means stiff or rigid. Spondyl means spine. Itis refers to inflammation.

  • Juvenile Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases

    Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints that causes pain and swelling. Juvenile arthritis is the term used for arthritis in children. Arthritis is one category of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic diseases can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints, and bones. They can also affect other areas of the body, including organs.

  • Juvenile Dermatomyositis

    Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare disease that causes muscle inflammation and a skin rash.

  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a form of arthritis in children. Arthritis causes joint swelling (inflammation) and joint stiffness. JIA is arthritis that affects 1 or more joints for at least 6 weeks in a child age 16 or younger.

  • Juvenile Osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones are thinner than normal. It’s a condition that gets worse over time. This means that bones get thinner over time, or don’t grow as they should. The bones are then weaker and at higher risk of breaking. The condition is much more common in older adults. But it can also occur during childhood. In children, it’s called juvenile osteoporosis.

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