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Good Food Found Lacking in Kids’ Diets

Posted 1/1/2018 by Janet Kramer, MPH, RDN, LD
Clinical Dietitian, UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital

Toddler surrounded by vegetables

Children who eat well from the start of their lives are more likely to continue eating well as they grow. But according to a new study in the journal Pediatrics, many young children aren’t being exposed to the foods that will set them on a healthy path – especially fruits and vegetables.

Young kids’ diets lacking in breast milk, fruits, vegetables

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants be breastfed until age 6 months. After that, veggies or fruit should be a part of every meal and snack.

When researchers looked at results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, however, they found that only a little more than one-third of babies ages 0 to 5 months received breast milk.

Nearly one out of five kids ages 6 to 23 months ate no fruits or vegetables at all during the survey period. Those who did eat veggies were three times more likely to have french fries rather than healthier options, such as broccoli or green beans.

Janet Kramer, MPH, RDN, LD

Janet Kramer, MPH, RDN, LD

Keep trying lots of foods

“Don’t get discouraged if your children don’t immediately go for a new food – it can take 10 to 20 tries before children accept something new,” says Janet Kramer, MPH, RDN, LD, a clinical dietitian at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital.

To help start your baby off right, Kramer also recommends the following:

  • Start introducing solid foods after age 4 months if your baby shows signs of readiness, especially if he or she is drinking more than 40 ounces of formula. Just do not put cereal or other solid food in the bottle! Kramer adds, “Signs a child is ready include holding the head steady and sitting up with support, putting fingers and toys in the mouth, closing lips around a spoon, opening mouth when food is offered, and turning away when they don't want it.”
  • Expose your baby to a variety of foods, especially fruits and vegetables. You can introduce strained meats at around age 6 months. Kramer adds, “At around 6 months, it's also good to expose babies to peanuts to prevent allergies. Try mixing _ teaspoon of smooth peanut butter into oatmeal or mashed bananas, or making homemade peanut butter teething biscuits.”
  • Introduce regular snacks – two to three per day - around age 9 months.
  • Stick with breast milk or formula until a child is age 1.

Is your baby ready for solid foods?

Janet Kramer recommends trying the National Peanut Board’s recipe for peanut butter teething biscuits. Find it at

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