Infertility Risk Factors for Men and Women

For women. General factors that can affect the ability to ovulate, conceive or deliver a child successfully include the following:

  • Age. Women in their late 30s and older are generally less fertile than women in their early 20s
  • Endometriosis
  • Chronic diseases (diabetes, lupus, arthritis, hypertension, or asthma)
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Environmental factors. Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, or exposure to workplace hazards or toxins
  • Excessive or very low body fat
  • Abnormal Pap smears that have been treated with cryosurgery or cone biopsy
  • DES taken by mother during pregnancy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Fallopian tube disease
  • Multiple miscarriages

For men. Infertility is not just a woman’s problem. Following is a list of risk factors related to male infertility:

  • History of prostatitis, genital infection, or sexually transmitted diseases
  • Exposure to hazards on the job or toxic substances, such as radiation, radioactivity, welding, and many chemicals, including lead, ethylene dibromine, and vinyl chloride
  • Cigarette or marijuana smoke
  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Exposure of the genitals to high temperatures
  • Hernia repair
  • Undescended testicles
  • Prescription drugs for ulcers or psoriasis
  • DES taken by mother during pregnancy
  • Mumps after puberty

Make an Appointment

Schedule your appointment with a specialist at University Hospitals.
1-866-UH4-CARE (1-866-844-2273)

More Scheduling Options

Access Your Health Records and More with MyUHCare

MyUHCare is our new patient website that provides the resources you need to take an active role in your health care. With MyUHCare, you can view your health records, pay your bill, browse health articles and more!

Learn more at MyUHCare.

Need to Refer a Patient?

Click here for Patient Referrals

Browse Services A-Z

Maps and Directions

Click here for directions